||United Workers' Party (Mapam)
Mapam was formed in 1948 as a Socialist Zionist party, following the unification of the Workers Party- Hashomer Hatzair and Ahdut Avoda-Po'alei Zion. At first Mapam had a pro-Soviet orientation, but that changed following the death of Stalin in 1954. Ahdut Ha'avoda broke away from Mapam in that year. Mapam was the first Zionist party to include an Arab MK, Rostam Bastuni. Mapam first entered a Government under the leadership of Mapai in the Third Knesset. In the elections for the Eighth toTwelfth Knessets, Mapam ran within the framework of the Alignment. It left the Alignment prior to the formation of the National Unity Government in 1984. During the Twelfth Knesset, Mapam, Ratz, and Shinui formed the Meretz parliamentary group. In 1997, Meretz became a political party and Mapam ceased to exist as a separate party.
The Knessets in Which it Served:
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